USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21080

SELECTION: Unknown, probably from an indigenous Yugoslavian landrace grown in the Backa Region

GENUS: Humulus

SPECIES: lupulus

CULTIVAR: Backa

PEDIGREE: Unknown

PRIMARY SITE: USDA Female Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis

ORIGIN: Dr. M. Acimovic, Institute for Agricultural Research, Novi Sad, Yugoslavia

DATE RECEIVED: 1974; USDA Accession No. assigned in 1974.

METHOD RECEIVED: Rhizomes

AVAILABILITY: Commercial cultivar, no restrictions

REFERENCES: Kisgeci, Jan. Chmeliarske Pohladnice (History of Hop Growing in Vojvodina). Novi Sad. 1979 (English Summary pp. 156-165).

Wagner, T. Gene Pools of Hop Countries. 1978. p. 68.

USDA Annual Report for Hop Investigations 1974, pp. 1520

Kisgeci, Jan, Andrej Mijavec, M. Acimovic, P. Spevak, and Novica Vucic. 1984. Hmeljarstvo. 374 pp. (English summary). Poljoprivredni Fakultet, Univ. Novi Sad, Yugoslavia.

MATURITY: Late

LEAF COLOR: Light green

SEX: Female

DISEASES: Downy Mildew: moderately susceptible

Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant

Viruses: unknown

VIGOR: Good to very good

YIELD: Fair to good in U.S. trials, very good in Yugoslavia

SIDEARM LENGTH: 12-30 inches

ALPHA ACIDS: Slightly lower than USDA 56002

BETA ACIDS: Slightly lower than USDA 56002

COHUMULONE: 25%

STORAGE STABILITY: Good (67% of original alpha acids remaining after 6 months room temperature storage) from the cross Savinski Golding (USDA 21049) x wild Yugoslavian hop.

OIL: 1.19 ml/100 g (range 0.73-1.72 ml/100 g); humulene 19%, H/C ratio 3.13.

MAJOR TRAITS: Higher alpha potential than the established Backa variety in the region; high yield potential; reddish coloration on the stems.

OTHER INFORMATION: Cultivar was originally intended to replace the aroma variety Backa in world hop markets. Thus far the hop trade has not accepted this cultivar, and acreage remains limited in Yugoslavia. Sister of Neoplanta (21082) and Vojvodina (21083).

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