USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21521

SELECTION: Heat treated/meristem tip cultured USDA 21077 made by Dr. C.B. Skotland, Prosser, Washington, in 1988

GENUS: Humulus

SPECIES: lupulus

CULTIVAR: Saazer (meristem-36) medium early red hop, also called

Bohemian Red Hop

PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably a landrace grown in Czechoslovakia since the Middle Ages

PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis

ORIGIN: Prosser, Washington (via Czechoslovakia)

DATE RECEIVED: Summer 1988

METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings

AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial variety

REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report and Data Summary for Hop Research 1988, p. 34 (Table 3).

USDA Annual Report for Hop Research 1988, Table 3, p. 33.

Rybacek, Vaclav. Hop Production. Developments in Crop Science 16. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam/New York/Tokyo. 1991. p. 77.

Neve, R.A. Hops. Chapman and Hall Publishing Co. London, New York. 1991. p. 201.

MATURITY: Early

LEAF COLOR: Medium green

SEX: Female

DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant

Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant

Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot, Apple

Mosaic, Hop Mosaic, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses

VIGOR: Poor to good depending on location

YIELD: Poor to good depending on location

SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-24 inches depending on location and daylength hours during the growing season

ALPHA ACIDS: 2-5%

BETA ACIDS: 3-5%

COHUMULONE: 21-24%

STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good

OIL: 0.6-0.9 ml/100 g

MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant "noble" aroma, suitable for production of premium beers.

OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in northern Idaho adjacent to the Canadian border at Busch Agricultural (BARI) Farms near Bonner's Ferry where yields reportedly exceed those of the original Saazer grown in Czechoslovakia. Released by C.B. Skotland as Saazer-36 (meristem 36), a composite of meristem 223 and 225 from hill No. 36 at the S.T. Kenny Hop Research Yard, Prosser, Washington.

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