USDA ACCESSION NO.: 21522

SELECTION: Selected from meristem-cultured/heat treated USDA 21077 by C.B. Skotland, Prosser, Washington

GENUS: Humulus

SPECIES: lupulus

CULTIVAR: Saazer (meristem-38), also called Bohemian Red Hop, Saazer Medium Early Red Hop

PEDIGREE: Unknown, probably a landrace grown in Czechoslovakia since the Ages

PRIMARY SITE: USDA-ARS World Hop Cultivar Collection, OSU East Farm, Corvallis

ORIGIN: Prosser, Washington (via Czechoslovakia)

DATE RECEIVED: July 1988

METHOD RECEIVED: Rooted softwood cuttings

AVAILABILITY: No restrictions, commercial cultivar

REFERENCES: USDA Annual Report and Data Summary of Hop Investigations for 1988, p.34 (Table 3)

MATURITY: Early

LEAF COLOR: Medium green

SEX: Female

DISEASES: Downy Mildew: tolerant to moderately resistant

Verticillium wilt: unknown, probably tolerant

Viruses: free of Prunus Necrotic Ringspot, Apple

Mosaic, Hop Mosaic, Hop Latent, and American Hop Latent viruses

VIGOR: Good to poor depending on location

YIELD: Good to poor depending on location

SIDEARM LENGTH: 6-24 inches, probably depending on location and daylight hours during growing season

ALPHA ACIDS: 4-5%

BETA ACIDS: 3-5%

COHUMULONE: 21-24%

STORAGE STABILITY: Fair to good

OIL: 0.6-0.8 ml/100 g

MAJOR TRAITS: Pleasant "noble" aroma suitable for production of super premium beers.

OTHER INFORMATION: Grown commercially in northern Idaho at the Busch Ag Resources (BARI) Hop Farms near Bonner's Ferry where yields reportedly exceed those of the original Saazer grown in Czechoslovakia. Poorly adapted to the Yakima Valley or Willamette Valley, probably because of shorter day length during the growing season. Originally identified as Saazer-38 (meristem No. 231 from hill No. 38 at the S.T. Kenny Hop Research Yard, Prosser, Washington; reportedly somewhat less vigorous than Saazer meristem-36 (USDA 21521).

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