USDA ACCESSION No.: 21689

SELECTION: seedling selection Nr. 9043-52

GENUS: Humulus

SPECIES: lupuls

CULTIVAR: Sterling

PEDIGREE: USDA 21522 x USDA 21361M; Saazer 38 x [Cas x (65009 - 64035M)]

PRIMARY SITE: USDA/OSU hop farm, East Farm, Corvallis, OR.

ORIGIN: seedling selection from cross 9043 made by Dr. Al Haunold in 1990

DATE RECEIVED: spring 1991

METHOD RECEIVED: seedling selection

AVAILBILITY: no restricions, commercial cultivar

REFERENCES: various USDA/ARS annual reports starting in 1990

Various Annual Reports to the Hop Research Council starting in 1993

USDA/ARS: Notice of release of Santiam, a new aroma hop. Summer 1999

MATURITY: medium to medium early

LEAF COLOR: dark green

SEX: female

DISEASES: downy mildew: moderately resistant

VIGOR: powdery mildew: moderately resdistant

Verticillum wilt: no information; no symptoms observed in OR test plots

Viruses: free of all major hop viruses at the time of release

YIELD: very good, 1,800 to 2,000 lbs/acre in Oregon test plots

SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24 to 36 inches

ALPHA ACIDS: 6 to 9%

BETA ACIDS: 4 to 6%

COHUMULONE: 24%

STORAGE STABILITY: fair to good

OIL: 1.3 to 1.9 ml/100 g; humulene 19 - 23; caryophyllene 5 - 7; farnesene 11-17; myrcene 46; no selenine ; H/C ratio = 3.3

MAJOR TRAITS: diploid, 2n = 20; aroma and oil compositoin very similar to Saazer (USDA 21077) and other Saazer clones. Pleasant continental aroma; suitable for replacing Saazer hops in brewery blends. Much higher yield potential than Saazer hops.

OTHER INFORMATION: This hop has only been tested commercially in Oregon. The initial release by USDA is based on Oregon test results. Testing in Washington state is under way.

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