|Title||West Nile virus in alpacas: a case report|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Kutzler, MA, Bildfell, RJ, Gardner-Gaftt, K, Delay, J, Baker, RJ, Mattson, DE|
|Journal||Journal of American Vet Medicine Association|
A male alpaca acutely developed signs of anorexia and fever. Within 2 days, neurologic signs (head tremors and asymmetric ataxia) developed. West Nile virus (WNV) infection was considered a primary differential diagnosis on the basis of 6 previous cases on nearby alpaca farms on which animals had similar clinical signs. Four days after the male alpaca became ill, a female alpaca from the same farm developed similar neurologic signs. In addition to anti-inflammatory and supportive treatments, both alpacas received a transfusion of llama plasma with antibodies against WNV Seven days after the onset of clinical signs, the female alpaca had made a full recovery; however, the more severely affected male died. West Nile virus infection was confirmed post mortem by use of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay and immunohistochemical staining.